ABZARDIEL (Abazardiel, Abenzardel, Azardel), MOSES (d. c. 1354), secretary to King Alfonso XI of Castile. A learned rabbinical scholar, Moses served for some time as dayyan in toledo . His signature appears in Latin characters in royal documents dealing with finance and taxes between 1331 and 1339. Its absence from later royal records may be related to the anti-Jewish reaction in Castile. Presumably he is the "R. Moses, the chief scribe of the king" mentioned by Ibn Verga in his Shevet Yehudah (ed. by Shochat (1947), 53 ff.). He is probably identical with the Moses b. Joseph Abi Zardil commemorated on an elaborate tombstone in Toledo. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Baer, Urkunden, 1, pt. 2 (1963), 142–4, 159; Baer, Spain, 1 (1961), 327, 356, 358 ff.; Cantera-Millás, Inscripciones, 54–58; Zelson, in: JQR, 19 (1928/29), 145 ff.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • MARTÍNEZ DE OVIEDO, GONZALO° — (d. 1340), majordomo (dispensero de la casa del rey) of King Alfonso XI of Castile. He instigated the proposal to expel the Jews from the kingdom of Castile. When in the royal service, Martínez enjoyed the protection of the Jewish courtier Joseph …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • TOLEDO — TOLEDO, city in Castile, central spain ; capital of Castile until 1561. Early Jewish Settlement and Visigothic Period There is no substantive information available on the beginnings of the Jewish settlement in Toledo, which was only a small… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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